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3 Most Effective Farming Systems to Consider in Africa



As a farmer, it's crucial to consider the variety of farming systems available and find one that suits your needs best. The goal is to produce food with minimal impact on the environment and community while maintaining sustainable practices. Another goal for choosing the right farming system is to ensure good returns on your commercial farming project. This article will explore 3 farming methods that are effective in growing different crops or rearing different livestock. All these farming methods are associated with high productivity and sound use of the involved inputs.


Hydroponics


Hydroponics is the method of growing plants in nutrient-rich water, without soil. An enclosed tank is used for hydroponic farming of vegetables. Plants are grown in nets hanging at the top of the water tank. The nutrient-rich water is constantly pumped into this tank, flowing through the nets containing plants. Water flows out from one end of the net and is drained away by another pipe at a lower level. As it flows down, the nutrient-rich water is filtered by the growing medium.

The places where young roots grow are exposed to the flowing water enriched with nutrients. This enriched water nourishes and supports plant growth resulting in larger vegetables.


There is no scope for soil-borne diseases and the risk of infections is minimized. Since hydroponics farming is free of soil, it can be conducted anywhere, which makes it an excellent choice for places where soil may be contaminated due to industrial pollution or deforestation.


This method reduces water loss from evaporation since no water is wasted by seeping into the soil. Some nutrients are lost in the process of drainage, but there is no loss of fertilizers due to leaching.


Hydroponics farming can be used for all types of plants - vegetables, flowers, fruits, medicinal plants, and even fodder. For fodder, the most popular grain that is used is barley. The hydroponics system for fodder is much simpler than that used for vegetables.


Battery cage system

Battery cage farming successfully provides chickens with a proper amount of space, food, and water. Chickens are kept in rows of cages that are lined up next to each other to make it easy for farmers to care for them. Each row has a designated tube system that carries food and water to the chicken. The batteries are designed with upper and lower tiers that allow for easy movement back and forth between levels of the battery.


Battery cages are typically made out of metal wire and have a pit below the battery where all chicken droppings fall. This is helpful for cleaning reasons, as well as to keep the chickens up off of the feces so that they do not peck it. Most large-scale egg-laying chicken farms use this system because it allows them to care for more chickens in a smaller space.

Within the batteries, there is nesting space for each chicken to lay their egg and feel comfortable doing so. The eggs roll out of the cage to an alley where the farmer collects them.


Often, this system is paired with artificial lighting in order to encourage hens to lay eggs year-round. Air ventilation is also a key component in the system because chickens tend to get a lot of dust on their feathers, and this can cause respiratory problems.


In some battery cage farms, cages are stacked onto each other. This allows the farmer to make the most of his or her space while still allowing for easy movement around the farm.


Under the battery system, it is easier for farmers to monitor the health of their chickens. This is because they have closer proximity to them so they can notice any changes in behavior right away.


Greenhouse Farming system

A greenhouse farming system is an environment-friendly and sustainable method of farming. Compared to traditional farming, the greenhouse farming system achieves higher yield with better quality utilizing less area. Greenhouse farming utilizes natural resources such as sunlight, water, and soil and minimizes the use of fertilizers and pesticides. This makes it better than normal farming since greenhouse farming can increase production while minimizing environmental damage.


The greenhouse farm can produce multiple crops throughout the year, so it is more cost-efficient compared to traditional farming. The growing process in the greenhouse farm is also faster, which means harvests are more abundant. This makes greenhouse farming suitable for countries with limited areas of arable land and short growing seasons where traditional farming cannot achieve a high yield.


Greenhouse farming requires less labor and is more mechanized than traditional farming. These features make it possible to cultivate large-scale crops even in urban areas where agricultural land is scarce.


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